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Achievement and Frustration in handling HIV / AIDS in 2010

Some exciting things happened during the year 2010, among others, the discovery of a number of breakthrough HIV / AIDS prevention. On the other hand there is a lack of funding in various states, plus global sentiment towards the existence of homosexuals.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is still the most frightening health threats because there is no cure. However encouraging, a number of important achievements in research of HIV / AIDS throughout 2010 has given new hope in the future.

The following are 10 things that mark the achievement at a time of frustration in dealing with HIV / AIDS throughout the year 2010:

1. Vaginal Gel
After many years did not show positive developments, this year a study on HIV / AIDS has created a breakthrough to prevent transmission. Vaginal microbicide gel called proven effective in preventing infections in trials of the women in South Africa.

2. ARVs do not only treat but also prevent
Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs that are used regularly by people living with HIV to prevent AIDS now have more benefits. Recently, a study proves antiretrovirals can be consumed as a precautionary measure infection or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PREP) in high-risk groups including homosexuals.

3. TB rapid test
This December the United Nations recommended the new test method to detect tuberculosis (TB) in people with HIV, which only takes less than 2 hours. TB is an opportunistic infection or accompanying the most kills with HIV / AIDS, followed by pneumonia and influenza.

4. Teratment 2.0
In July 2010, the UN launched a new approach in the treatment of HIV / AIDS drastically with seeking access to drugs easier and cheaper. 2.0 Treatment Approaches called it had 2 main objectives namely to prevent 10 million deaths in 2050 while pressing the 30 percent rate of transmission.

5. First patent pool license
In order to reduce costs pengibatan HIV / AIDS, the international body which deals with the financing of HIV therapy-malaria-tuberculosis, UNTAID create a new mechanism of drug patent registration by a manufacturer called patent pool license first. This mechanism permits loosen patent medicines for its generic version can be made by other companies.

6. HIV travel ban to be revoked
November 2, 2010 is a historic day for people living with HIV / AIDS, because after 22 years of ban, the United States finally declared free of HIV entry and travel to that country. Revocation of such prohibition also conducted by China and Namibia.

7. Global access to AIDS treatment
As a follow up summit AIDS 2006, at the end of 2010, most world leaders have agreed on global access to prevention and treatment of HIV / AIDS. The agreement was formulated in the new vision of zero-infection the UNAIDS namely, zero discrimination, and zero deaths related to AIDS.

8. Crisis funding
In addition to a number of positive achievements, the handling of HIV / AIDS also face a number of constraints including funding crisis. This year UNTAID announced that in the last 3 years there is a shortage of funds amounting to U.S. $ 1 billion worldwide so that hamper efforts to improve medical care of HIV / AIDS.

9. Anti-homosexual sentiment
Another obstacle which has also increased in efforts to prevent HIV / AIDS is anti-homosexual sentiments which tend to increase in 2010. Uganda plans to apply the legislation of anti-gay, gay couples holding Malawi engaged and Prime Minister of Kenya, Raila Odinga urged arresting gay couples. The impact of homosexuals have difficulties in accessing health services.

10. Free Trade Agreement India-European Union
Latest obstacle in fighting HIV / AIDS emerged in November 2010 when India and the European Union to discuss free trade agreement or Free Trade Agreement (FTA). One consequence, Indian pharmaceutical companies are no longer free to produce cheap generic versions of antiretroviral drugs. This agreement received harsh opposition from the activists of HIV / AIDS worldwide

6 Questions to Ask Yourself About Adult ADHD Symptoms

If your inability to concentrate is causing significant stress in your life, score yourself with the questions below. Only a qualified physician can diagnose you with ADHD, but the following scenarios might help you decide whether your issues are the result of normal life stress or a real medical condition.

This questionnaire was developed in conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Workgroup on Adult ADHD, and is intended for people ages 18 and older.

Circle the number that best describes how you have felt and conducted yourself over the past six months. Add up your total and give the completed questionnaire to your healthcare professional during your next appointment to discuss the results. A score of 11 points or higher indicates that your symptoms may be consistent with Adult ADHD.

NeverRarelySometimesOftenVery Often
1. How often do you have difficulty getting things in order when you have to do a task that requires organization? 01234
2. When you have a task that requires a lot of thought, how often do you avoid or delay getting started?01234
3. How often are you distracted by activity or noise around you?01234
4. How often do you leave your seat in meetings or other situations in which you are expected to remain seated?01234
5. How often do you feel restless or fidgety?01234
6. How often do you have difficulty waiting your turn in situations when turn taking is required?01234

The six-question Adult Self-Report Scale-Version1.1 (ASRS-V1.1) Screener is a subset of the WHO's 18-question Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version1.1 (Adult ASRS-V1.1) Symptom Checklist. Download the full checklist from the Harvard School of Medicine.

ASRS-V1.1 Screener COPYRIGHT © 2003 World Health Organization (WHO). Reprinted with permissionof WHO. All rights reserved.

Walk 30 Minutes a Day Reduce Cancer Risk

Any sport, including a nice walk to keep in shape, especially the heart and respiration. The benefit is now added a lot, because research has shown on foot to reduce the risk of death from colon cancer.

The study was conducted by Kathleen Wolin, a scientist from Washington University in the United States. Data used in the study were collected from 150,000 people in the span of time between the years 1982-2005.

Data analysis showed that respondents who regularly walk have a lower risk for cancer of the colon (large intestine). The risk is lowest if the habit is done routinely for at least 10 years.

No need to walk away because of research that proves its effect on cancer risk not affected by distance, but rather on its duration. Kathleen advocate, someone just walk away at least 30 minutes a day to obtain the expected effect.

"It is never too late, even the newly diagnosed with cancer can start doing to get the same benefits," said Kathleen as reported by the Daily Express.

In addition to reducing the risk of cancer, known to walk on a regular basis provides many health benefits. Research at the University of Pittsburgh proved to walk 10 km / week may delay the senility (dementia) to 5 years longer than those who never walk.

Walking is also good to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, which is triggered by lifestyle and the aging process. An American study shows, 30 minute walk each day can improve insulin sensitivity and body's ability to regulate blood glucose.

Niplle Discharge


Niplle Discharge is an abnormal discharge from one or both nipples. Possible Niplle Discharge increases as gestational age.

Discharge Niplle rarely occurs in men and women who had never been pregnant. When that happens, probably caused by some underlying disease, particularly if accompanied by other changes in one or both breasts.

It is relatively common among women who first become pregnant. Sometimes found in blood or pus (containing pus) on the fluid that comes out, it's all in the cause.


Exit fluid from one or both breasts


Treatment based on the cause. If the cause is benign and the discharge is persistent and annoying, a channel cover nipple resection, usually performed as an outpatient procedure using local anesthesia, to remove mucus and reduce patient anxiety.

5 Error in Process Bath

Since the first bath is considered as a useful therapy to relax the mind and cleanse the body if done correctly. But unfortunately some people just make mistakes when taking a bath. Anything?

Some other benefits of a bath is to help circulation, relieve stress, soothe sore leg muscles and ease inflammation joint pain.

As quoted from, Monday (03/01/2011) there were some mistakes made, thereby reducing or eliminating the benefits of bathing.

Here are some of the mistakes made by a person while showering, namely:

1. Clean the tub with toxic chemicals
Various cleaners are used to clean the tub containing hazardous materials are sometimes associated with cancer, reproductive problems and also damage the central nervous sisem. If the material is hazardous, then chances are there is residue left behind and mingled with the water bath.
2. Bathroom with shower, dirty filter
Use a shower bath can make the body become more relaxed, but only a few people who pay attention to cleanliness showernya filter. Researchers found about 80 percent of germs contained in the shower is sphingomonads or methylobacteria family. The bacteria can infect open wounds, attacks the immune system is weak, urinary tract infections and pneumonia.

3. Just use the shower gel alone
Generally shower gel on the market contain ingredients associated with the toxicity of the reproductive organs, allergies, disorders of the immune system, disrupt the nervous and other organ sisem.

4. Soak in chlorinated water
Bathing with water containing chlorine can be very dangerous, especially if the water is warm water. Because warm water will open pores of the skin and the water vapor will inhaled into the body. For that use filters or filters on showers and faucets are also used.

5. Bathing with hot water
Using a water bath that is too hot can be harmful to the skin, which causes skin blisters or dry. Therefore use warm water only, if you use the shower (shower), set temperature to prevent overheating.

Good for Heart Health Breastfeeding Mother

A mother who gives milk not only provides benefits to her baby just because there are breast-feeding can also increase the mother's heart health. This is according to a report in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.

The researchers reported that women who breastfeed for more than 12 months can reduce your risk of heart disease by 10 percent, while also significantly reducing the risk factors for heart disease like high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol.

"We found that the longer a mother is breastfeeding her child, then the risk of heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases will also be getting smaller," says Dr. Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, an assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Research on Health Care, as quoted from HealthDay.

It was common knowledge that exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months will provide great benefits to the baby. In addition, breastfeeding also provides mafaat for his mother as help you lose weight and improve glucose tolerance and cholesterol metabolism.

In this study using data from the Women's Health Initiative, which involves 140 000 postmenopausal women with an average age of 63 years. Women provided information about diet and breast-feeding history, while the researchers collected data BMI (body mass index / body mass index), as well as her medical history. During the study participants submitted his medical reports and the average time of this study was 8 years old.

Researchers found that women who do not breastfeed tend to have high blood pressure, diabetes, abnormal cholesterol and heart disease. Schwarz said that women who breastfeed only one or two months can improve health, but feeding a long time will provide even greater benefits.

After a year of breastfeeding was found that the possibility of having high blood pressure decreasing by 12 percent, decreased by 20 percent diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels decreased by 19 percent and the risk of heart disease decreased by 9 percent compared with women who did not breastfeed.

"Many factors play a role here, the process of mobilizing fat and breast-feeding will have an impact on cholesterol. This also increases the levels of the hormone oxytocin which can make blood vessels relax," said Dr. Nieca Goldberg, director of the New York University Langone Medical Center Women's Heart Program.

But not the only factor that breast feeding alone can reduce the risk of heart disease, but the pattern of life as a young man also contribute. Therefore, if you want to get maximum results, apply a healthy lifestyle and give milk to your child.

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